Behavior Computing
States and Traits
Speech and Language
A Waveform-Feature Dual Branch Acoustic Embedding Network for Emotion Recognition
Research in advancing speech emotion recognition (SER) has attracted a lot of attention due to its critical role for better human behaviors understanding scientifically and comprehensive applications commercially. Conventionally, performing SER highly relies on hand-crafted acoustic features. The recent progress in deep learning has attempted to model emotion directly from raw waveform in an end-to-end learning scheme; however, this particular approach remains to be generally a sub-optimal approach. An alternative direction has been proposed to enhance and augment the knowledge-based acoustic representation with affect-related representation derived directly from raw waveform. Here, we propose a complimentary waveform-feature dual branch learning network, termed as Dual-Complementary Acoustic Embedding Network (DCaEN), to effectively integrate psychoacoustic knowledge and raw waveform embedding within an augmented feature space learning approach. DCaEN contains an acoustic feature embedding network and a raw waveform network, that is learned by integrating negative cosine distance constraint in the loss function. The experiment results show that DCaEN can achieve 59.31 an 46.73% unweighted average recall (UAR) in the USC IEMOCAP and the MSP-IMPROV speech emotion databases, which improves the performance compared to modeling either acoustic hand-crafted features or raw waveform only and without this particular loss constraint. Further analysis illustrates a reverse mirroring pattern in the learned latent space demonstrating the complementary nature of DCaEN feature space learning.
This is an overall schematic of our proposed Dual Complementary Acoustic Embedding Model (DCaEN) framework.
This is an overall schematic of our proposed Dual Complementary Acoustic Embedding Model (DCaEN) framework.
speech emotion recognition | raw waveform | end-to-end | complementary learning | acoustic representation
Jeng-Lin Li Chi-Chun Lee
Publication Date
Frontiers in Computer Science 2020
Frontiers in Computer Science 2020